Each day, an average of 350,000 vehicles, 30,000 trucks, and 135,000 pedestrians pass through 163 government crossings along the borders of the United States. Building, operating, and maintaining each land port of entry (LPOE) falls under the auspices of the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) within the Department of Homeland Security, and the U.S. General Services Administration (GSA). To deal with this traffic, the ports must have highly efficient and secure facilities that are open on a 24/7 basis, 365 days a year. Thanks to the GSA’s Design Excellence Program, they also should be well-designed and, in accordance with federal regulations, must meet a minimum of LEED Gold certification as of October 2010 (previously mandated at LEED Silver levels).
As seen in the five LPOEs on the following pages, all of which are winners in the GSA’s 2010 Design Awards program, these gateways to the U.S. can be models of welcoming, highly functional, secure, and sustainable environments.