Graphene is the nanomaterial of the moment. It’s the strongest, thinnest, stiffest, and most conductive substance known to date, and it derives from a ubiquitous source: graphite (think pencil lead). In 2004, two scientists from the University of Manchester in the U.K. found a way to isolate graphene, which is a single layer of carbon atoms arranged in a hexagonal lattice. The secret? Sticking tape on a graphite crystal, transferring it to a substrate, and replicating the process on each subsequent substrate. The work won them the 2010 Nobel Prize in physics, and graphene the spotlight. Now, researchers are exploring uses for the material that range from solar panels to structural members. Read More